Gothenburg is a port city between Oslo and Copenhagen, and is Sweden’s second largest city with approximately 550,000 inhabitants. Gothenburg is home to a variety of strong industries including VOLVO, Volvo Cars and SKF.
Gothenburg will face a big transformation as the city will increase its population to 700,000 within the next 20 years. During the same period 25,000 new apartments will be build and 50,000 new jobs will be added.
Gothenburg wants to understand how AVs can be used to create a sustainable, attractive city and there are many activities related to AVs going on in the city. For instance, in the Drive Me project, the city is working with Volvo Cars and five more stakeholders to pilot fully autonomous (SAE Level 4) cars with 100 normal commuters, on public roads in 2017.
CoEXist use cases in Gothenburg
Mixed use road space (e.g. Shared Space)
In Gothenburg, there are a lot of urban spaces with a variety of designs. The city wants to understand how AVs can be accommodated in these types of areas. This means exploring the interaction between AVs and pedestrians or bicycles in low speed areas where there are limited rules of how to behave. The use case will be limited to low speed areas with some structure of the vehicle, bike and pedestrian traffic streams. Interesting questions are for example to what extent the introduction of AVs requires a more structured shared space with more limited conflict areas between AVs and pedestrians and bikes. Another interesting question is if the AVs can be limited in speed to be allowed to drive in such areas which have the potential to increase safety of the vulnerable road users.
Accessibility during long term construction
As the city grows, it is also evolving. New residential areas and city districts are emerging on land previously used for industrial purposes. At the same time the city and the National Road Administration are investing several billion Euros in improving the infrastructure, including new river crossings and a new rail tunnel. During construction, this will put a lot of strain to the existing infrastructure and the road accessibility to the city center is expected to decrease dramatically for a long period. The city is interested to find out how the accessibility of the city Centre be improved with AVs during the long period of heavy construction.